What is IVF Treatment?
IVF treatment is a type of treatment that allows fertilization by combining eggs with female reproductive cells and sperm, male reproductive cells, outside the body, in a laboratory setting. In IVF treatment, fertilized eggs begin to split and undergo the first development stages called embryos in a laboratory environment, while placed in the womb of the expectant mother. There is no difference between pregnancy obtained after this stage and pregnancy that occurs naturally. The difference between natural pregnancy is the realization of fertilization under laboratory conditions and the re-implantation of fertilized eggs back into the mother’s womb.
The insemination process in the laboratory environment is either in the form of waiting for the sperm to be left next to the eggs and to enter the egg and perform the fertilization process on their own, or under the microscope, the sperm is injected directly into the egg with the help of a straw and fertilization is carried out. IVF specialists determine the preference between the two methods according to the characteristics of couples. Thus, the highest chance of success for couples is targeted.
IVF treatment is an auxiliary reproductive method with the highest success rates, and in this method, 80% of infertility problems can be solved. However, there are some misconceptions about treatment. We have compiled the most common of these for you.
Success Rate is Increasing in Secondary Treatments in IVF Treatment
The chances of success in the first 3 trials of IVF treatment are the same. The idea that the second trial was more successful is to reveal the errors and deficiencies made in the first trial and the idea that the first treatment will guide the second one to treatment. This idea is true, but success rates are the same in the first 3 attempts, less in subsequent trials. The aim of successful IVF centers is to ensure pregnancy in the first trial.
IVF Treatment Is a Difficult And Painful Treatment
IVF treatment is being developed every day and success rates are increasing. IVF treatment is currently approximately one month and during this time the couple’s social and business life is not disrupted. During treatment, the couple only comes to examinations and treatments and can return home or work after they are finished. According to IVF treatment, the expectant mother does not suffer pain or pain.
After IVF Treatment, Expectant Mother Should Sleep Until Birth
If the pregnancy of the expectant mother is not a risky pregnancy, there is no question of lying down or having various restrictions until she gives birth. If the pregnancy of the expectant mother progresses in a healthy way, this pregnancy progresses differently from the pregnancy that occurs naturally, and the expectant mother does not experience any pain. Like any pregnant woman, she can do the desired activity during pregnancy by avoiding heavy work, paying attention to the diet and avoiding stress.
Pregnancy is possible at any age with IVF
As women age, their reproductive ability decreases. With the progression of age, ovarian reserves are reduced in terms of quality and quantity. This situation accelerates after the age of 35. For this reason, it is not possible to have children at all ages with IVF treatment. Almost fertility in 40-year-old women is completely lost. The chance of conception in the 25th to 30s is around 50%, while the chance of pregnancy after the age of 40 decreases by around 15%.
IVF Treatment Causes Twin or TripleTs Pregnancy
There is always a risk of multiple pregnancy based on the number of embryos transferred in IVF treatments, but embryo transfer allows only one embryo in women under the age of 35 and having the first two trials. A maximum of 2 embryos are transferred to women who are excluded from this stake. In this way, there is no risk of multiple pregnancy.
It’s Impossible for Men Without Sperm Cells to Be Fathers
If the sperm count of the father candidate is insufficient or not at all, but sperm production is present in the testicles, it is possible to have a child from a single sperm cell taken by Micro TESE method.
IVF Treatment Provides 100% Success
Although IVF treatment is the best assisted reproduction method, there is no 100 percent success rate. Although this rate can vary depending on every couple and center, the likelihood of conceived is 60% on average in IVF treatment.
The problem in couples Who Can’t Have Children Is Always Caused by Women
Perhaps one of the most commonly known wrongs in IVF treatments is that the problem of inability to have children is caused by the woman. Statistics obtained in the institutions where IVF services are offered show that the problem is evenly divided between men and women. Likewise, in approximately 30-40% of couples who apply for co-treatment, the problem can be caused by both individuals. So it’s important to know where and why the problem is caused by it rather than from whom it originated.
There Is No Low Risk in IVF Treatment
Although IVF treatment has a high success rate, it still does not provide enough benefit to solve the problem in couples who want to have children but have problems with this issue and have repetitive miscarriages. Genetics, anatomical, immunological and other causes may lie below miscarriages. Thanks to our current knowledge and technology, we can prevent a significant portion of miscarriages, but IVF treatments do not completely eliminate the risks that may occur in this regard.
Drugs Taken in IVF Treatment Make Weight Gain
The dose of the drug used in IVF treatments varies depending on the woman’s ovarian reserve and the number of eggs that are intended to be obtained. IVF treatment does not mean numerous and high doses of drug therapy. Thanks to the developing medical technology, the effectiveness of the drugs used in IVF treatment has been significantly increased, but the possible side effects have also been minimized.
The Success of frozen embryos is low
The success of frozen embryos after the transplant of the uterus is as high as the success achieved with fresh embryos. Some research reveals that the chances of pregnancy with frozen embryos are higher. For greater success, embryos can be frozen and stored in eligible couples.