In pregnancy, the expectant mother should take care of herself in everything. Physically and psychologically, healthy and healthy baby is born at the end of pregnancy. In order for pregnant women to have a comfortable pregnancy period, they need to consider many things, including the seasonal characteristics at the time. It is very important to have a healthy pregnancy to be cautious depending on the risk and situation that arises during the winter season. In winter, in order to avoid factors such as infections that may affect the mother and baby, it should be meticulousin matters such as clothing, nutrition, hygiene and drug use. Thus, both the transmission of factors should be prevented and the immune system should be kept strong. In a way, winter pregnant women are the luckiest pregnant women in terms of nutrition. Vegetables and fruits grown in winter have plenty of minerals and vitamins for the health of the pregnant woman, to support the immune system, to eat well and to her developing baby. It is necessary to use this advantage well.
The baby’s health, mental, physical, mental development is proportional to the health, adequate and nutrition of the mother. It should be taken in sufficient quantities from each food group and provided from the necessary proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals from fresh foods found during the season. Vitamins A and C, which support the immune system in winter, can be provided with greens, citrus fruits, carrots, broccoli, zucchini, green peppers, cauliflower, etc. vegetables and fruits. Freshly squeezed juices should be preferred.
Another benefit of these vegetables and fruits when adequate and balanced is foods that prevent constipation and rapid weight gain. Cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, spinach, legumes, parsley, dill, celery, zucchini, radish, potato eggplant carrots, orange, grapefruit, tangerine, quince, pomegranate, apple etc… vegetables and fruits grow. One thing mothers need to pay attention to is that fast food products, fried potatoes do not consume foods containing a number of harmful substances for the baby. Home fries are not harmful because they are made at less heat. Unadulterated foods should be preferred during the season. It is less movement in winter, so it is easier for the pregnant woman to gain weight. It is very useful to walk regularly daily and swim twice a week if possible. Pregnant women can also relax the body by doing yoga, meditation and pilates. Winter months are months when depression is more prone. Expectant mothers can also reduce the risk of depression by doing these various activities.
Clothing is one of the most important issues of the winter months. In order to avoid the cold, soft clothing should be worn instead of one piece thick clothing, floor by floor, wool, cotton, airable and will not disturb. Since the tight, polyester, nylon, synthetic garments worn do not pass the air, they cause sweating and related fungal infections. Especially underwear, trousers should not be made of these substances.
Risk of Getting Sick for Pregnant Women in Winter
If the expectant mother has a previously known chronic disease, a doctor should be consulted before winter. To protect against infectious diseases, school-age children and those close to the disease should be avoided.
Respiratory infections are especially common in winter. Respiratory and ear problems become more common, especially during pregnancy. Early intervention against diseases is very important in winter. When the symptoms of any disease are observed, the physician should be consulted immediately. There are safe drugs that can be used for these conditions during pregnancy. Runny nose increases the risk of throat and lung infection.
When a mild cold does not occur with high fever, it is probably not harmful to the baby. During pregnancy, frequent flu infection occurs and increases the risks for this expectant mother. When flu infections are common, shaking hands increases the risk of kissing. In addition, indoor crowded spaces should not stay for long and hands should be washed frequently.
In case of flu infection, the mother-of-one should rest a lot of beds and take plenty of fluids and feed the immune system-boosting fruit, etc. When lying down for nasal congestion, a pillow can be added to the bottom of the head, making the head more steeper or using liquids containing saltwater. In a few days, the problem increases cough, as soon as it passes, the physician should be consulted when respiratory distress or severe fever occurs. The gestation period is 14. flu vaccination is recommended for expectant mothers who have passed the week. The most suitable months are October and November. However, it should be known that the effectiveness of the flu vaccine is usually due to the age of the vaccinated person and the similarity of the inactivated virus contained in the vaccine with the virus that caused infection that year, and on average is around 70– 90%.
In the late stages of pregnancy, the risk of complications increases in mothers with flu. That’s why he’s in season two of the flu. or 3. it is recommended that all pregnant women who will be in their three-month period sit in flu vaccination. Droplet infections (flu infection, cold, etc.) spread faster in doors. Pregnant women should not be present in these environments for a long time. In the houses, heating and stove dry air to be placed on the heating honeycomb water container, a boiling teapot, wet glands, such as measures such as moisturise. During pregnancy, the skin is more sensitive. It can dry and crack, especially in cold weather, and cracks increase the risk of infection. Moisturizing and light oil creams should be used, warm water should be used in hand and face washing. To have a healthy pregnancy week by week, the home, room or working environment should be ventilated regularly. Fresh air should be provided in ward, dirty air out.
Inadequate ventilation causes the spread of infectious diseases more easily. During the winter season, pregnant women prefer to spend most of their time in homes or indoors (such as shopping malls). Although they think that they are protecting themselves from the cold, diseases and other risks, indoor environments where many people breathe the same air involve more risk for expectant mothers during pregnancy.
Air pollution, headache and rotation, throat and nasal infection, allergies in the eyes can cause negative consequences. In winter, increasing density of stoves, natural gas, cigarettes and exhaust fumes such as harmful gases should be avoided from environments. If the pregnant woman lives in a city with heavy air pollution, inhalation of toxic substances found in this air in winter can be harmful to the baby, especially during the first trimester, where your baby’s organs occur. It is recommended that there is not much going out during periods of increased air pollution in the city. No smoking should be allowed at home. It should be kept in mind that there may be a lack of oxygen in places higher than 2000 meters when planning a holiday in winter. Sports should not be at risk of falling and broken, such as skiing.
Expectant mothers are eligible to opt for shoes that do not have high heels when going out in winter. In winter, cold and extreme heat (such as sauna, hot bath) should be avoided. Regular check-up during pregnancy during the winter months is important for the safe course of pregnancy and timely measures to be taken. Feel free to ask your doctor during the winter and ask him questions.