Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals taken into the body during pregnancy are important not only for the healthy growth of the baby, but also for the mother-to-be to have a healthy and comfortable pregnancy.
The need for vitamins, minerals and energy increases during pregnancy. Even in women who are balanced and regularly fed, some supplements may often be needed in line with the increasing need.
The most reliable source to be consulted about the use of vitamins and minerals is the doctor who is followed during pregnancy. Just as taking the nutrients that need to be taken during this period causes malnutrition, consuming too much can also cause various complications.
For this reason, personalized assay sasies determine which vitamin stake and which food should be consumed during pregnancy. A doctor should be consulted about the nutrients, portions and supplements that need to be taken.
Among the most commonly used vitamins and minerals in pregnancy; it has folic acid, iron preparations, magnesium, calcium and vitamin D.
1. Folic Acid
From the day that every woman who decides to have a baby stops being protected, it is recommended to use folic acid, a vitamin precursor that is important in the structure of the nervous system.
Folic acid is naturally found in nutrients called folate. Follate is a type of vitamin that cannot be depleted in the body, so it is necessary to consume nutrients that contain folate regularly every day. However, if this is not possible, it is imperative that folic acid be used as reinforcements.
The study, which evaluated the 10-year results in the UK, found that the use of folic acid reduced brain and spinal abnormalities by 40%. For this reason, at least 3 months before pregnancy in planned pregnancies; In unplanned pregnancies, folic acid is used during the first trimester period of the gestational period.
The total amount of blood during pregnancy increases at approximately 50%. While the liquid part in the blood increases excessively in quantity, red blood cells do not increase at the same speed. In this case, the amount of sediment of blood decreases and a condition called pregnancy anemia occurs.
This condition is particularly pronounced in the first half of pregnancy, as red cell construction increases as pregnancy progresses. The increase in construction increases the need for iron. The iron needed at first is met from the warehouses in the body, but often these warehouses are insufficient to meet the need.
For this reason, iron drugs are the drugs that every pregnant woman must use. Another reason for the use of blood drugs is to eliminate this deficiency as the expectant mother will lose a lot of blood during childbirth.
One of the most common complaints that pregnant women encounter is the alarming cramps that occur. These contractions and cramps can occur around the uterus, especially after the second trimester period of pregnancy, which can often be seen in the legs.
Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy is often manifested by these complaints, and magnesium is a mineral that allows muscles to relax and contract more comfortably. Magnesium, which also acts as a neurotransmitter in the body, can cause insomnia in pregnant women in case of deficiency. This further lowers the living standards of pregnant women.
For this reason, almost every pregnant woman should use magnesium tablets, especially from the second trimester period, which she will receive at the suggestion of her doctor.
Calcium taken during pregnancy; In order to avoid bone melting in the mother’s candidate, bone and tooth development in the baby are necessary to ensure a healthy way. Other than that, calcium has many duties within the body.
During pregnancy, babies continue to develop in accordance with the possibilities provided by the mother. If the amount of calcium needed for the necessary development cannot be provided, it is met with calcium in the mother’s bones.
Short-term calcium deficiency does not cause any symptoms because the baby can balance the lack of calcium in the blood with the calcium it receives from the mother’s bones for a while. However, if calcium deficiency persists for a long time, calcium from the bones causes weakening of bones, causing the bone to decrease in density.
In this case, because the support needed for the mother’s bones is not provided, it can lead to calcium despletion, leading to osteoporosis, i.e. bone melting problem.
5. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is a steroid-made vitamin that can be soluble in fat. Vitamin D is very important throughout pregnancy. Mothers waiting for babies should take the recommended amount of vitamin D for both their own body health and healthy development of their baby. The most important compounds for the development of the baby are vitamins D2 and D3.
Furthermore, a study found that women who use vitamin IU D 4000 daily have a great benefit in preventing premature birth, miscarriage and infections.
However, it is known that consuming excess vitamin D during pregnancy is also quite harmful. Because vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and is stored in the body. For this reason, unconscious vitamin D should not be used except for doctor’s control.