At every stage of life, smoking takes first place among the worst habits that harm everyone without gender discrimination. It is a fact that addictive substances and harmful components contained in tobacco products are highly threatening to a person’s health.
In general, the incidence of baby birth defects with any type of birth defect in all women may vary between 3% and 5%. But this rate can increase by mothers being exposed to factors that cause congenital defects for their developing babies.
While the consequences of smoking consumption are so severe, it can be estimated how dangerous it is for women to continue their bad habits during pregnancy.
According to the research data, Unfortunately, 50-70% of women who had smoking addiction prior to pregnancy were found to continue smoking during their pregnancies. Given that the baby is directly linked to the baby’s mother through placenta, it is inevitable that smoking habits reach the baby directly.
Harms of Smoking During Pregnancy
- Continuing smoking habits during pregnancy can have extremely negative effects on both infant and pregnancy.
- The pitch, nicotine, carbon monoxide and other toxic substances contained in the cigarette pass on to the upper respiratory tract, bronchi and direct blood. Thus, all organs of the body, especially the respiratory system, heart and vessels of the mother’s mother, are damaged.
- Nicotine in particular is a strong vascular agent. For this reason, during pregnancy, it begins to reduce the amount of blood to the uterus.
- Carbon monoxide can cause developmental retardation by damaging the cells of the developing baby, while reducing the mother’s capacity to carry oxygen in the mother’s blood. Therefore, the amount of oxygen to the baby and other nutrients will also be affected.
- The negative effects of smoking are not experienced only during pregnancy. The risk of ‘sudden infant death syndrome’ in the babies of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, which means that the baby loses their lives without any reason, increases approximately twice.
- Apart from sudden death, some chronic lung problems such as postpartum asthma are also more common in these babies. In addition, low school performance, learning disorders, behavioral disorders and antisocial behaviors may also occur in these babies.
Miscarriage: Miscarriage is especially the subject of the first 3 months of pregnancy. Rarely in the 20th century, it was the first time that the world up to the week. Smoking causes a decrease as well as an increased risk of stillbirth, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The most important culprit of this effect of smoking on pregnancy is the chemicals contained in smoking.
Premature Birth: The week of pregnancy on time is considered 38-40 weeks. It can lead to birth much earlier than 38 weeks ago.
DevelopmentAl Retardation: Smoking causes a decrease in oxygen and nutrients in the blood that leads to the baby, causing the baby’s development to be reversed in the womb. These problems can indirectly lead to a low risk of stillbirth.
Low Birth Weight: Smoking has a direct connection to fetal development. Expectant mothers who smoke 1 pack a day are 30% more likely to have a low-weight baby than a non-smoker.
Hypertension: Nicotine is a blood pressure rise in the pregnant woman with its vascular string, narrowing effect. This will negatively affect the feeding of the baby.
Preeclampsia: Elevated blood pressure, protein in the urine, excessive edema in the body, pregnancy poisoning with visual blur. There is a risk to the life of the mother and baby.
Desensitis Placenta: The early departure of the placenta. Under normal circumstances, the placenta is separated after the birth of the baby during the act of childbirth. In the desensitis placenta, the placenta is separated timeless while the baby is in the womb and bleeding in dangerous sizes.
Early Membrane Rupture: It causes the water sac to be opened during the act of childbirth to open long before it should be, and to enter the path of birth before completing the development of the baby.
LOW IQ: Expectant mothers who smoke while pregnant have a lower IQ level than non-smokers and have a higher reading difficulty rate.
Easy Smoking Cessation Tips!
When you understand the reason for smoking, it may be easier to find things to replace smoking when you quit. For example, if you want to
- If you’re drinking smoking so your hand lingers, you can try turning pens, rosary drawing, knitting, playing games on the phone, buying stress balls.
- If you drink for oral satisfaction, you can get a toothpick in your mouth, chew gum, eat raw vegetables and fruits and nuts.
- If you’re drinking to stimulate, to come back, a quick walk, an exercise session in the gym, chat with friends, easy pilates moves and an immersive book can help you start.
- If you’re drinking to reduce your tension and relax, you can turn on calming music, exercise, take a long walk and ask your partner to massage you!