Pregnancy Syndrome in Fathers

Yes, you didn’t hear it wrong, and dads have pregnancy syndrome. I can hear you’re saying this from where it came from, and let’s look at it for a little bit of them. Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful events in the world, but it brings with it great changes and responsibilities. The father is both very happy and very anxious during this period because life is now composed of 3 or more people, not 2 for him.

Some fathercandidates may also observe the moods and physical changes experienced during pregnancy. This condition, called “Kuvad Syndrome”, can rarely be seen in other family members and children. Studies have shown that the prevalence of kuvad syndrome is between 11-65 percent. The rate rises even higher when symptoms that do not affect people’s lives are included, while the resulting data show that the situation is quite common. Kuvad (couvade) syndrome is a disorder in which father candidates are caught in various physical symptoms during pregnancy, during childbirth, or at both periods. The word kuvad is derived from the French Basque word couver, which means incubating, hatching. This term describes an interesting ritual performed by individuals of many unindustrialized cultures. This is a case of the father lying in bed during childbirth, fasting or avoiding certain foods, imitating labor pains, and showing the interest in women who usually give birth to it.

Studies have concluded that the prevalence of kuvad syndrome is between 11-65 percent. When symptoms that do not affect people’s lives are included, the rate rises higher and the resulting data show that the situation is not uncommon. Symptoms are most common in the last 3, especially in the last 1 month of pregnancy. As an example, you can use the Lipkin and Lamb (1982), who worked on 267 fathers, found that 22 percent of their spouses were seeking medical attention to complaints about the stomach and intestines during their pregnancies. Lipkin and Lamb found that according to these researches, there were no complaints in father candidates 6 months before pregnancy and 6 months after birth.

According to the results of the studies, this syndrome is more common in father candidates with a worrying structure, black race and low socioeconomic status. When examining other social and emotional causes underlying Kuvad syndrome, it was determined that there were factors such as the father’s abandonment by his father at a young age, non-plan pregnancy, low level of education, lack of economic security, ethnic-religious identity and incompatibility in marriage. It has also been revealed that kuvad syndrome is more common in father candidates who are very attached to their mothers and in men who had their first sexual relationship after the age of 18.

The symptoms of the kuvad on the father candidates are about 3. can occur at any time from now on. Very rarely symptoms occur before realizing that the father-candidate’s wife is pregnant. Symptoms tend to decrease gradually from the beginning, but usually in the last 3 months, a second rise may occur just before or during childbirth. Symptoms of about a third of cases are eliminated before birth pains begin. But sometimes the symptoms can start again when it is thought to be over. In the other third, as soon as the baby is born, it becomes symptom-free. The rest of them may take a few more days. In addition, the physical symptoms of kuvad syndrome may be accompanied by anxiety problems.

The most common symptoms of the syndrome are gastrointestinal disorders. These are; anorexia, toothache, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, unidentified abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea. Symptoms such as depression, tension, insomnia, irritability, restlessness, weakness and headaches are psychiatric symptoms. In addition, from time to time, cases such as pain and swelling in the abdomen, albeit rarely, can be seen as in pregnancy. Although the causes of Kuvad syndrome have been investigated on both psychodynamics and biological grounds, the causes of the emergence have not yet been fully clarified. In the context of psychodynamic principles, factors such as envy of unconscious birth of the father candidate, impersonation with the mother-to-be, mixed feelings about fatherhood, secret homosexuality, perception of the fetus as a competitor are also focused on factors such as. Most fathercandidates who are held with Kuvad syndrome do not need treatment. This is because most of the cases that occur disappear spontaneously without the situation being noticed. In addition, very few of those with kuvad syndrome are referred to the psychiatrist by experts. In the person experiencing this diagnosis, interpreting and supportive psychotherapy, which aims to reduce anxiety, can provide relief. Finally, the course of kuvad syndrome is generally good. Although the situation may recur in future pregnancies, it is not considered certain. If the father’s candidate has findings of this syndrome in the next pregnancies of the spouse, a specialist should be consulted in no time.