Oxytocin is a natural hormone produced by hypothalamus and secreted through the pituitary gland and is especially vital for women. It is also called the hormone love or commitment, as it has an important role in the formation of sensuality between men and women in relationships, connecting the mother and baby together and social behavior.
It is generally known as femininity or birth hormone, but it undertakes certain tasks even if it is not as effective in men as in women.
The deficiency of oxytocin hormone negatively affects women both physiologically and psychologically. It also has an important role in the formation of maternity instinct, breastfeeding, selective social attachment and sexual pleasure.
Tasks of Oxytocin Hormone in All Aspects
• Plays a role in balancing and regulating emotions and behaviors. It enables the formation and increase of positive emotions such as love and happiness.
• The hormone oxytocin raises the pain threshold of people with high levels. Therefore, the more oxytocin hormones are secreted during childbirth, the less likely the severity of the contractions felt at birth will be felt.
• It allows the wounds to heal quickly due to its anti-inflammatory.
• Regulates contractions in the uterus when birth starts and makes it easy to push the baby.
• Ensures that milk reaches the nipples through the milk ducts during breastfeeding.
• In men, it helps to perform reproduction by taking on various tasks.
The hormone oxytocin is a hormone that affects women’s mental health in general, regardless of who is pregnant or not. Therefore, it contributes to the more positive mood syllaby in women who are in the process of pregnancy. Oxytocin levels increase during pregnancy, helping the expectant mother to be calm, relaxed and prone to sleep.
When Does The Rate of Oxytocin Hormone Increase in The Body?
• Having an orgasm during sexual intercourse and sexual intercourse quickly increases the oxytocin hormone.
• Couples’ physical contact, such as holding hands or hugging, is one of the most important factors in the body that allows the secretion of the hormone oxytocin.
• Communicating with loved people, spending time with them and gifting with loved ones makes the person feel very good by increasing the rate of oxytocin hormone in the blood.
• Activities such as playing, dancing, having fun with friends or partners increase oxytocin levels in the body.
• Physical activities such as swimming, fitness and brisk walking increase the level of oxytocin in the body. Meditation, yoga and simple breathing exercises, which are also known to be quite beneficial to the body, also increase the oxytocin hormone.
• It is a proven fact that tensel contact increases oxytocin levels. One of the most effective yos of this is to have a massage. This condition, which allows the body and mind to calm, makes your oxytocin hormone secretive intensively, reducing your stress considerably.
• However, protein-containing foods such as red meat, fish, chicken, eggs, milk and dairy products increase the secretion of the hormone oxytocin in your body.
• Fruits such as avocados, bananas, apples, strawberries and pomegranates with green leafy vegetables will also increase your oxytocin rate, allowing you to feel happy and have a healthier pregnancy period.
• Another substance known to increase oxytocin in the body is Omega 3. Foods such as tuna, sardines, salmon, nuts and olives are rich in Omega 3.
• In addition, bitter foods such as paprika and fenugreek; grains such as wheat, rice, rye and oats; herbal teas such as balm and chamomile; Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and D are also among the secretive substances of oxytocin hormone.
The Task of Oxytocin Hormone during Childbirth
The hormone oxytocin provides a strong contraction in the pregnant woman’s fertilization bed during childbirth. When the baby’s head begins, a nervous message occurs as the uterus stretches the mouth, and this message reaches the hypotolom. With this message, hypotolomus increases the power of contractions by secreting oxytocin through the pituitary gland.
Thus, there is sufficient expansion in the vagina and cervix, which allows normal birth to take place. The baby’s smooth birth also depends on this expansion. In addition, this hormone protects women against postpartum bleeding.
Oxytocin is also known as a ‘timid’ hormone. Depending on the physical condition and environmental conditions in which the person is present, its release may be triggered or stopped. The hormone oxytocin regulates the contraction of the uterus during childbirth, allowing the birth to occur in a healthy way.
If a expectant mother who begins her birth does not feel safe and releases adrenaline due to any element of fear, oxytocin levels may degrade and make birth difficult. Just as mammals searching for a safe area of birth, women secrete oxytocin more easily in calm, low-light and safe environments, where they can be within the area of privacy. When these environments are provided, oxytocin performs its duty in optimum conditions and allows women to perform their births more comfortably.
If oxytocin secretion decreases for any reason during childbirth, the progression of the birth may slow down or even stop. In cases where such birth does not progress and occurs slowly, artificial oxytocin, called artificial pain, may be given.
The hormone artificial oxytocin, known as artificial pain, is given to the mother candidate through the vein to help regulate uterine contractions.