Changing hormones, dietary changes and stress increases can cause some digestive problems during pregnancy.
Among these digestive problems, one of the most common and curious subjects of the expectant mothers is diarrhea.
What is diarrhea?
Diarrhea is defined as increasing the number of defecations and changing the quality of feces.
It also means juicy defecation, which is more than 3 times a day in diarrhea.
Abdominal pain, nausea- vomiting can be seen with fever. In pregnancy, blood pressure is often low. As fluid loss will further lower blood pressure, expectant mothers may experience an easy sense of fainting and weakness due to diarrhea.
Causes of Diarrhea
The most important cause of diarrhea is hormonal changes in pregnancy. Sometimes hormones can cause the digestive process to slow down and this can cause diarrhea. Every pregnant woman has these hormonal changes, but some experience diarrhea at the beginning of her pregnancy as a result of these changes.
Another reason is that some pregnant women are sensitive to certain foods. These may be foods that they have consumed often before, or they can be a newly introduced food.
Even foods that do not have any problems consuming before pregnancy can cause the body to react during pregnancy. Diarrhea can also develop due to a bacterial or viral infection.
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Diet changes: Many women make a dramatic dietary change after learning they are pregnant. This sudden change in your eating arrangement can upset your stomach and possibly cause diarrhea.
New Food Sensitivities: Sensitivities in foods can be one of the many changes you experience during pregnancy. Foods that never affect you before you get pregnant can affect you as gas, nausea and diarrhea after getting pregnant.
Prenatal Vitamins, Supplements: Taking prenatal vitamins is as necessary for your health as well as the health of your growing baby. However, these vitamins can disrupt your stomach and cause diarrhea.
Hormone Changes: Hormones can slow down your digestive system, so you may have a problem with constipation. Hormones can speed up the digestive system, which can cause diarrhoea problems.
Is Diarrhea A Harbinger of Birth?
Diarrhea may occur in all periods of pregnancy. Because with pregnancy, many hormonal changes occur in the body, which directly affects the digestive system.
However, as we get closer to recent months, it can be observed that diarrhea has become more common. This is because the body prepares itself for childbirth. However, this may not occur in any body. Furthermore, diarrhea does not necessarily mean that the birth is only a few days away, so increased diarrhea should not disturb the expectant mother.
Some women may not often have diarrhea in the last 3 months, called the third trimester, and some may be constipated. Since each person’s hormonal structure is different, his experience will also be different.
Recommendations to Protect Against Diarrhea during Pregnancy
Listeria bacteria are the most important causes of diarrhea and food poisoning during pregnancy. Listeria is a type of bacterium that causes diarrhea. Considering that there is an infection transmitted from unhealthy food stuffs prepared in unsuitable conditions, it is necessary to follow some rules in food intake during pregnancy in order not to get this disease.
• For this reason, vegetables and fruits must be washed with plenty of water before eating.
• Especially vegetables such as green leaflets, belly and salad should be washed and eaten again after being kept in the water for a while.
• Consumption of non-pasteurized milk and dairy products should be avoided. Fresh, non-pasteurised cheeses should be avoided in particular.
• Pregnant women should consume known brand cheeses in closed, pasteurized and packaged in grocery stores, not cheeses sold outdoors if they are going to consume cheese. The same rule applies to all dairy products.
• All food items sold ready-made should be consumed from as reliable and known brands as possible, the labels should be read well and expiration dates should be checked.
• Raw eggs, raw meat, well cooked chicken, raw fish and sushi should not be eaten.
• Foods such as sausages, salami, sausages, smoked and tongue should be consumed in consultation with the expert and if the mother-to-be can consume these foods, she must eat after heating.
• No restaurant, buffet and ready-made appetizers should be eaten from places that do not believe in its cleanliness and have little doubt.
When Is Treatment Needed?
Prolonged diarrhea can cause dehydration. If your diarrhea lasts more than two or three days, call your doctor. Severe dehydration causes pregnancy complications.
Symptoms of dehydration include:
• Dark yellow urine
• Dry mouth
• Reduced urine insecity
If these symptoms occur when you have diarrhea, you should consult your doctor and remember that you should get the necessary treatment.