Even when the baby is still in the womb, it is affected by all environmental factors. The life of the developing baby depends on the mother and therefore it is important how the mother looks after herself in the prenatal process.
The fertilized egg cell, called zigot, consists of a placenta when it clings to the uterine wall. The placenta provides the baby with all the nutrients and oxygen it needs. Everything the mother consumes reaches the baby through the placenta.
For this reason, harmful environmental factors that the expectant mother is exposed to during pregnancy can cause lifelong effects on the baby.
Knowing these environmental factors is important for a healthier pregnancy process and the development of the baby in the womb.
Since nicotine reaches the baby through placenta, tobacco products are a very dangerous threat.
In the studies carried out; As soon as the mother-in-two smoked, it was determined that there was a decrease in oxygen levels in the baby’s blood.
In addition, smoking can cause conditions such as premature birth, low birth weight, stillbirth, sudden infant death syndrome. The more smokers smoke in pregnancy or as passive smokers, the more likely the risk of problems increases.
For this reason, quitting smoking during pregnancy is very important in reducing the risks that occur in the baby and continuing its development as well as its development.
Even in developed countries, anomaly is observed in 2 percent of all births. Genetic causes, infections of the baby in the uterus, mother-to-be with chronic diseases such as sugar, epilepsy; in addition to alcohol, other substance abuse or radiation exposure, some drug use may also cause disabled baby birth.
The drug taken by the mother passes through the baby’s feeding tool, the umbilical cord (placenta). The medicines or nutrients taken by the mother go through the placenta and show the negative effects on the tissues of the baby, where they will show their effects.
Studies have shown that not every drug exceeds the placenta equally. Among the reasons for this is that we are not going to be able The drug’s fat resolution, the mother’s capacity to bind the drug to proteins in the blood, and the rate at which the mother and placenta metaboliz the drug.
For this reason, no medication should be used that the doctor prescribes during pregnancy.
For most experts, it’s the 21st century. Stress is the most dangerous factor of the century. This is no different for the pregnancy process.
The stress that the expectant mother feels during pregnancy can have negative effects on the development of the baby from different angles and can harm both the mother and the baby. Physiological changes occur with the mother under stress and this condition can affect the developing baby.
Also under stress, the mother; smoking, using substances and consuming alcohol, such as negatively affecting the baby. Pregnancy depression usually occurs with stress and anxiety caused by pregnancy. Unplanned pregnancy, difficulty in conception, economic and familial problems are also factors that can cause pregnancy depression.
For this reason, it is necessary to stay away from anything that will cause stress during pregnancy.
The mother’s blood provides energy to the baby’s metabolism in order to develop in a healthy way by providing glucose that will pass into the placenta. In addition, amino acids also help produce proteins that are necessary for the baby’s development. Growth factors support the formation of new tissue by switching from the mother’s blood to the baby’s blood.
Due to malnutrition of a pregnant woman, the baby may not be able to get the food that needs it, its development may slow down or arise without complete development.
In other respect, excessive nutrient consumption can cause high glucose in the mother’s blood, and therefore the baby to grow too much and difficulties in childbirth.
For this reason, it is necessary to take care to have an adequate and balanced diet during pregnancy.
Although x-rays and methods such as ctography are diagnostic techniques that benefit from diagnosing pathologies occurring in the body, they can be harmful to health due to the radiation they emit. Radiation that harms people, especially under normal circumstances; during pregnancy, it can pose a very risk to both mother and baby health.
Excessive exposure to radiation or X rays during pregnancy can lead to biological tissue damage, developmental retardation in the baby, some anomalies in the womb, neurological disorders and many problems, including pregnancy loss. Of course, these conditions may show lightness depending on the dose of radiation taken and the period at which period of pregnancy is exposed.
Still, the healthiest one would be to avoid radiation during pregnancy.
Alcohol is a toxin. For this, it quickly reaches the baby through blood or placenta. As soon as alcohol reaches the baby, it immediately interferes with the bloodstream. This mixture spreads to the baby’s mechanism and has multiple effects.
Some experts may allow a certain amount of alcohol consumption, but the ideal thing is that no alcohol is used during pregnancy.
There is no clear word on what amounts of alcohol consumption is safe for pregnant women. So there’s nothing clear about the dose of alcohol during pregnancy. The alcohol content of each preferred drink is different and the effect of alcohol may vary from body to body.
Since a safe dose of alcohol in pregnant women is not determined, it would be the right decision for the mother to say goodbye to alcohol during this period.