Factors Affecting Baby’s Birth Weight

During the pregnancy process, all physiological and psychological condition of the mother directly affects the development of the baby. One of the most important factors affecting the weight of the baby and the weight of birth during pregnancy is the feeding pattern of the mother.

A regular and healthy diet is one of the most important factors you should pay attention to during pregnancy.

Factors such as genetic factors, problems with the baby or the mother’s smoking are also the reasons why the baby has a developmental retardation in the womb and has low birth weight.

In the basic sense, there are 4 factors besides nutrition that affect the birth weight of your baby. These are your current health and pregnancy conditions, age and lifestyle.

Current Health Conditions

High blood pressure: High blood pressure is generally risky for the expectant mother and her baby. However, many women with high blood pressure may have a healthy pregnancy and have a healthy baby if they pay attention. However, uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage the mother’s kidneys, causing a low birth weight baby to give birth.

Diabetes: Women with diabetes before pregnancy should manage their blood sugar levels before being scheduled to get pregnant. High blood sugar levels can cause birth defects in the first few weeks of pregnancy. In addition, the baby’s birth weight may be directly affected in later periods.

Kidney Disease: Women with kidney disease often have difficulty getting pregnant. During pregnancy, a low risk may occur due to damage to their kidneys. Pregnant women with kidney disease should receive additional treatments during pregnancy to ensure that the baby does not have a low birth weight.

Autoimmune Diseases: Autoimmune diseases contain conditions such as lupus and multiple sclerosis (MS). Some autoimmune diseases can pose a risk to women’s problems in pregnancy. The drugs used may have a direct or indirect effect on the development of the baby and the weight of birth. For this reason, it should be kept under close observation.

Thyroid Diseases: Thyroid diseases that are described untreated and uncontrolled can affect the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure during pregnancy. In cases where the thyroid gland is underworked or working hard, it can cause problems such as inadequate weight gain and birth defects in infants.

Obesity: Women with excess weight in obesity are difficult to get pregnant. However, if pregnancy is developed, it is one of the factors that makes pregnancy difficult and increases the likelihood of a woman developing diabetes during pregnancy. Studies have shown that obese pregnant women are more likely to have babies with low birth weight than usual.

Extreme Weakness: Women who are extremely weak before pregnancy have difficulty getting pregnant. When pregnancy occurs, various problems can occur, especially blood pressure problems. Studies have shown that pregnant women who are extremely weak are more likely to have babies with low birth weight than usual.

Pregnancy Conditions

Plural Pregnancy: Pregnancies with twins, triplets or more called multiple pregnancys increase the risk of premature birth of babies. Having three or more babies increases the need for a baby to give birth by caesarean section. The size of twins and triplets tends to be less than babies born alone. In multiple pregnancies, babies are more likely to have respiratory difficulties if they are born prematurely.

Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes during pregnancy, is a pregnancy-related diabetes that develops when a woman is pregnant. Many women may experience a healthy pregnancy if they manage diabetes after receiving their diet and treatment plans from their doctor. However, untreated getulation algebra al-diabetes increases the risk of early birth, preeclampsia, and high birth weight blood pressure.

Preeclampsia and Eclampsia: Preeclampsia is the 20th year of pregnancy. it is the syndrome that indicates an increase in blood pressure after the week. It can affect the mother’s kidneys, liver and even brain. In cases where untreated, it can be fatal to the mother or fetus. It can also cause long-term health problems and the baby to be born with low birth weight. Eclampsia is a more severe form of preeclampsia, which can cause seizures and coma in the mother’s candidate.


Pregnancies 35 years and older are called advanced pregnancy. Expectant mothers of advanced age and first-time mothers may have normal pregnancy. However, research shows that older women are at high risk. Expectant mothers of an advanced age; They carry risks such as birth complications during childbirth, delivery lasting more than 20 hours, giving birth to a baby with low birth weight, and giving birth to a child with chromosomal anomaly such as Down Syndrome.

Lifestyle Factors

Among lifestyle factors, smoking and alcohol are among the factors that directly affect the baby’s birth weight.

Alcohol consumed during pregnancy passes directly to the baby through a food cordon. Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy are more likely to have miscarriage or stillbirth. Other risks include birth defects and fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is the technical name of the group of fetal disorders associated with drinking alcohol during pregnancy. This can cause normal facial characteristics, shortstat, low body weight, hyperactivity disorder, mental disability and vision or hearing problems.

Smoking during pregnancy puts the baby at risk for premature birth, developmental retits, low birth weight, some birth defects and sudden infant death syndrome. Even passive cigarette smoke causes great damage to a woman and her developing baby. For this reason, smoking during pregnancy and smoking should be avoided.