Hormones are body secretions that take an active role in the body’s working mechanism. Important tasks, such as managing the operation of systems and ensuring they operate correctly, cause immediate need for treatment when it comes to hormone deficiency or oversupply.
In particular, the lack of secretions that directly manage the female reproductive system, such as estrogen and progesterone hormone, can cause many problems, from ovulation irregularity to occurining at risk in pregnancy. These problems often lead to the need for hormone supplementation in women.
The hormone progesterone is also at the beginning of these supplements. Women can also use the hormone progesterone for various reasons during their pregnancy.
The hormone Progesterone can cause various side effects, especially when used during pregnancy. It is very important to know the mechanism of functioning of the hormone progesterone and these side effects.
What is Progesterone Hormone?
Synthetic progesterone hormone supplements, which are available on the market in the form of pills, bulbs, needles or vaginal suppositories, are generally called progestan.
By mouth (pill, as a tablet)
By injection (needle)
It can be used with vaginal pathway (as a suppository from the vagina).
Progestans are supplements that are referred to in progesterone hormone deficiency or special cases where it is necessary to take it, which is one of the most important secretions of female reproductive health. Given the following tasks, the importance of progestans is better understandable.
• Menstruation takes an active role in the menstrual cycle. Ovulation is secreted at the time of ovulation and prepares the body for pregnancy.
• It makes it easy to hold on to the uterus by secreting it during pregnancy.
• Ensures that the uterus grows and develops in a healthy way during pregnancy.
• Prevents uterine contractions, reducing the risk of miscarriage in pregnancy.
• Prevents the birth from starting prematurely by secreting it in the last trimester of pregnancy.
In order for a healthy pregnancy to occur, progesterone must be at a certain level. In particular, the diagnosis of infertility or determination of progesterone values in their treatment is very important. Therefore, sometimes doctors may ask expectant progesterone tests from their expectant mothers. This test is looked at from the blood and should be included in a healthy woman’s values:
*In women after menopause and at the beginning of menstrual cycle, 1 ng/mL or below,
*Between 5 and 20 ng/mL in women in the middle of the menstrual cycle,
*Between 11.2 – 90 ng/mL in women who are in the first trimester of pregnancy,
*Between 25.6 – 89.4 ng/mL for women in the second trimester of pregnancy,
*Women in the third trimester of pregnancy must be between 48.4 – 42.5 ng/mL.
What is the Importance of Progesterone Hormone for Pregnancy?
The hormone progesterone is roughly a hormone that prepares women for pregnancy, and is secreted by the ovaries in cycles every month in a healthy, reproductive-age woman. Progesterone is produced during ovulation when an egg is left in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
To ensure that a fertilized egg sticks or clings to the uterine wall, the progesterone begins to thicken the uterine wall called endometrium. In other words, it prepares the uterine wall as a bed for the development of the embryo. However, if the egg is not fertilized within the appropriate time, the body reduces progesterone secretion and the uterine wall is torn apart, i.e. menstrual bleeding occurs.
If an embryo clings to the uterine membrane, again through hormones, the news of the ovary is delivered and as a result the ovarian produces progesterone for eight weeks. After the first eight weeks, progesterone production takes placenta during the remainder of pregnancy.
Side Effects of Progesterone Hormone
Women need progesterone drugs during pregnancy. The health and special condition of the baby in the womb increases the requirements for these supplements. However, progestans, as with any drug, can cause some side effects to form in the body. It is possible that sensitivity to certain substances contained in it may occur.
Progestan side effects during pregnancy can negatively affect the daily life of pregnant women and cause anxiety. In addition, excessive sensitivity of the body during pregnancy increases the likelihood of side effects.
Mild Side Effects of Progesta include;
• Dry mouth
• Mood changes such as irritability
• Nausea or pain
• Pain in muscles and joints
• Runny nose
• Ear pain
• Urinary tract infections
• Vaginal discharge
• Vaginal fungus
• Vaginal dryness
• Sensitivity in the breasts
These symptoms are mild lyse and temporary symptoms. When it reaches the uncomfortable dimensions, you should inform your doctor.
What is Progesterone Height?
The hormone progesterone begins to rise rapidly in the first three months of pregnancy. A number of complaints may be observed in the expectant mothers until the body adapts to this change. In addition, similar effects may be observed in problems with adrenal gland, when the body has a decrease in estrogen level or too much use of progesterone drugs taken from outside.
If progesterone is overly elevated due to a reinforcement, its level decreases spontaneously after a while.
What is Progesterone LowNess?
Since the hormone progesterone is one of the main hormones for pregnancy, pregnancy is most likely not to occur under the hormone progesterone. Although fertilization in a woman’s body occurs in a healthy way, the uterine wall does not thicken enough when the hormone progesterone is insufficient.
Therefore, it is not possible to hold on to the uterine wall of the fertilized egg and pregnancy cannot be maintained in a healthy way.
Low progesterone hormone can cause low risk and bleeding in pregnant women. For this reason, it is very important to carry out regular checks during pregnancy.