Many women may experience some ailments related to period reproductive systems.
These problems, which can occur due to environmental, hormonal or genetic factors, sometimes do not manifest themselves immediately, but sometimes negatively affect the quality of life of the person accompanied by severe symptoms.
The chocolate cyst is also one in 10 women of reproductive age and can cause some damage to the reproductive system when left untreated.
Therefore, diagnosis and treatment is important and every woman needs to know about chocolate cysts.
What is chocolate cyst?
There are some tissues in women that cover the inside of the uterus. These tissues are removed from the body each month by thickening with the menstrual cycle. However, sometimes the cells that form the layer in the uterus can grow by settling into other areas and organs outside the uterus. In this case, the tissue formed cannot throw itself out and causes bleeding in the area where it is located.
As a result of these bleedings, inflammation begins to occur around the tissue over time. The inflammation that occurs turns into wounds and cystic structures. These cysts are called chocolate cysts and the disease is called endometriosis.
Endometriosis can threaten any woman of reproductive age. It occurs more often, especially in the 30s and 40s.
What Are The Symptoms of Chocolate Cyst?
Endometriosis, called chocolate cyst, is not an easy-to-diagnose disorder. Because its symptoms generally resemblance to other gynecological diseases.
Some symptoms may be quite ordinary and may not be unthinkable. Therefore, it is very important to know the symptoms of chocolate cyst and to interpret the findings correctly.
Painful Period: The most obvious feature of chocolate cyst is that it suffers from intense groin pain and menstrual pain during menstruation. Although women who often experience these pains normally consider this condition to be periods of menstruation, this finding is considered the most obvious symptom by experts. Pains can be much more severe than normal. However, mild pain can be seen in cases where endometriosis is detected.
Pain during Sexual Intercourse: In these cases, severe pain is quite common during or after intercourse.
Irregular Menstruation: This disorder can cause irregular menstrual periods in women. In addition, mild spots and bleeding may occur before menstruation.
Abdominal, Back and Back Pain: Unprovoked back, back and abdominal pains are among the symptoms.
Chronic Fatigue: Women with endometriosis may experience extreme fatigue during menstruation. In addition, not only during menstruation, but also a chronic feeling of fatigue and inability to focus can be encountered.
Painful Toilet Ingenure: Chocolate cysts can cause pain and burning sensation when going to the toilet in women. Especially when urinating, severe pain and burning may occur.
These symptoms are among the most common complaints in endometrioma cases. Not every finding will be seen in every woman, but there may be multiple findings at the same time.
Besides, a woman who has these complaints is not necessarily expected to encounter chocolate cysts. Complaints can also occur due to a different disorder. Therefore, consulting your doctor will be the right thing to do.
What Are the Reasons for Chocolate Cyst?
In fact, there is no known reason for the chocolate cyst. Considering the possibility that more than one factor will lead to this situation.
Genetic Predisposition: In people with a disease in one of the nearby family members, the disease is more likely to develop. In other words, there is a genetic predisposition in endometrioma. If your mother, aunt or sister have chocolate cysts, you can have it.
Immune System: Any problems in the immune system can slow down the body’s defense mechanism against the disease, leading to the adhesion of the problem.
Retrograde Menstruation Bleeding: The inner tissue of the uterus is prepared every month against a possible pregnancy, and when pregnancy does not occur, the inner tissue of the uterus is excreted with menstrual bleeding. When this bleeding occurs in the opposite direction, not towards the vagina, the fallopian tubes and from there to the abdominal cavity, the condition called menstrual bleeding occurs in the opposite direction. This event, also known as retrograde menstrual bleeding, causes chocolate cystage. Experts suspect this most often in chocolate cysts.
Lymph System and Blood Circulation: The spread of endometrial tissues to blood circulation and other organs is also counted among the reasons.
Various Surgeries: Some surgical cuts create the appropriate environment for the placement and proliferation of endometrial tissues.
Abdominal Membrane Cells: Abdominal membrane cells can turn into endometrial cells with the effect of various factors such as hormones.
Does chocolate cyst cause infertility?
Although the exact cause is unknown, it is observed that the chocolate cyst may prevent getting pregnant. Endometrial tissues that disrupt the structure of the uterus and ovaries are thought to cause this condition. In addition, the structure and quality of egg and sperm cells in endometriosis is negatively affected, leading to a decrease in the chance of getting pregnant.
Women with the disease can become pregnant with appropriate post-treatment vaccination or IVF method. With these methods, the rate of pregnancy can increase from 2% to 15%. In short, chocolate cyst can cause infertility problems when left untreated, while this problem can be easily eliminated with various treatments.
Does Chocolate Cyst Disappear during Pregnancy?
Endometriosis pain and other symptoms usually show improvement during pregnancy. This is thought to be due to hormone changes. However, pregnancy does not treat endometriosis, it only relieves its symptoms and stops the growth of cyst.
When the periods of pregnancy and milking are over, the symptoms of chocolate cysts usually start again.