IVF treatment in couples who cannot have children with natural methods has been successfully applied for many years.
IVF treatment, an auxiliary reproductive technique; Infertility, advanced age, infections in women and blockages in tubes, low sperm count and poor quality in men, obesity, such as metabolic disorders, couples who can not have children because of the possibility of having children.
Couples who can not have children for any reason are most curious about how ivf process functioning takes place and stages of IVF method.
What is IVF?
IVF treatment, which is the most common infertility treatment today, is the artificial fertilization technique applied by combining male and female reproductive cells in laboratory conditions and placing the fertilized egg in the womb.
This process is performed by collecting the eggs with the female reproductive cell and the sperm that are male reproductive cells under certain conditions. After fertilization is completed in a healthy way, the pregnancy process begins as a result of placing the embryo in the mother’s womb and successfully clinging after it is expected to begin the split process of the egg and become an embryo..
After this stage, pregnancy is no different from pregnancies formed by natural methods.
How to Place Fertilized Eggs In IVF Method?
In IVF treatment, two different methods are used to implant fertilized eggs in the uterus in a laboratory environment.
The first of these is the classical IVF treatment, egg cells and sperm cells are expected to be fertilized on their own by being side-by-side in a particular environment.
In the microinjection application, which is another method, sperm cells are injected directly into the egg cell using special pipettes. It is decided by specialist physicians which of these two techniques should be preferred according to the individual characteristics of couples. The aim of the treatment process is to provide the most suitable environment for fertilization and a healthy pregnancy to occur.
How many Times is IVF Method tried and Is There an Age Limit?
Ivf trial is generally recommended 3 times. There is also the possibility of pregnancy occurrence in the trials after this number, but the chances are very low.
IVF treatment can be applied in women up to the age of 45. However, it should be noted that the chances of getting pregnant in women over 40 years of age have decreased significantly.
Therefore, the success rate in IVF treatment in older women is lower than in younger women and the number of trials may be required.
What is the Success Rate in IVF Method?
Factors such as the age of the mother and embryo quality are of great importance in IVF success. Therefore, the chances of success vary depending on these factors. In women under the age of 30, the success of IVF decreases from 55-60% to 15-20% for women over the age of 40.
Can Pregnant Naturally After IVF?
In a study conducted in France, which involved 2,100 couples; Among couples who have children with IVF treatment, the proportion of couples having another child without support from assisted reproductive treatments is 17%.
According to another study conducted in Australia; 33% of women who have their first baby through IVF treatment are naturally pregnant again within an average of 2 years after giving birth to their baby.
Another study in Ireland found that if you were in the world, Women who became pregnant with their first baby with IVF treatment and were surveyed, the rate of obtaining their later pregnancies naturally was 20.7%.
Although the data from these studies are promising, it is important to understand that women who underwent infertility treatment before ivf treatment can fight infertility again while trying to have children again.
Stages of IVF Method
Step 1 First Examination and Double Assessment: The couple’s previous treatments and stories such as pregnancy, childbirth, miscarriage are listened to. If applicable, the results of the old analysis and examination are evaluated.
Step 2. Excitation of Ovaries and Egg Creation: Egg-enhancing drugs (needle therapy) are applied to selectthe best embryos in the ovaries and to form a large number of eggs. The dose and treatment process varies according to the age of the patient and the egg reserve. It takes an average of 8-12 days.
Step 3 Egg Collection: Developing eggs are collected under anesthesia and stored for fertilization in laboratory conditions. Meanwhile, the man gives sperm. Just like in sperm analysis, sperm is taken through masturbation. Men who can not give sperm are taken sperm by micro TESE method. On average, this process takes half an hour. For the sperm sample to be given on the day of egg collection, the male should perform a sexual absorphur for 2-4 days. This period should not be longer than 7 days.
Step 4 Microinjection Application: Sperm from the male, after the egg taken from the woman under a microscope is combined, according to the development of devices called incubators resembling the body environment 7. until the day.
Step 5 Embryo Transfer: Fertilized eggs stored in the laboratory for two to six days are placed in the uterus with the help of a painless lychee catheter. This process takes about 5-10 minutes.
Step 6 Pregnancy Test: 12 days after the transfer process, pregnancy test is performed to find out whether pregnancy occurs.