From the moment a woman learns she is pregnant, she should undergo various tests and examinations for both her own health and the health of her baby.
It is very important that the current diseases and pregnancy-related health problems can be determined early in the mother’s candidate, that the necessary measures can be taken appropriately, that structural disorders in the baby can be identified in early pregnancy and that pregnant women have regular checks during the pregnancy period so that the birth can be performed in good conditions at the right time.
For a woman who just found out she’s pregnant, all these checks and tests are a big question mark on how and when.
We, as happy mom family, have written a detailed blog post about the tests that need to be done during pregnancy! 🙂
HCG Hormone: This hormone, called pregnancy hormone, begins to increase in the blood from the moment the egg cell meets sperm.
For this reason, beta HCG test is the first test to be taken in order to determine if there is a problem when the doctor is admitted with suspected pregnancy or during early pregnancy.
Blood Count: It is a test for iron deficiency during pregnancy and for iron supplementation when necessary. It allows you to have an opinion on the general health status of the expectant mother.
TSH: A test for the detection of thyroid disease, which is not previously known and may occur actively in pregnancy. Thyroid disease negatively affects the development of their babies as well as expectant mothers, so it is very important to be checked at regular intervals.
Blood Group: A test for taking the necessary precautions for blood disputes that may arise from the mother and father. The state of blood dispute can present great risks, especially for second and later pregnancies.
Torch Determination: This determination is carried out to initiate the treatment process by identifying important and active infections that can cause termination of pregnancy, such as Rubella, which causes toxoplasmosis and measles.
Serology: HIV and especially hepatitis B tests that are very common in our country are very important for the health of the baby after pregnancy. For this reason, it is among the routine tests performed to all expectant mothers.
Full Urine Analysis: Hidden urinary tract infections during pregnancy are the most common cause of early miscarriages. For this reason, full urinalysis is a very important test for intervention without progressing urinary tract infections. Full urinalysis must be applied to all expectant mothers.
Smear Test: Known as cervical screening test. It is done to understand if there is any cancer cell in the cervix or a lesion that is likely to turn into cancer. Each woman should have a test every 2-3 years, and before pregnancy, it should be done.
Binary Screening Test: This test, which is routinely applied to all expectant mothers, is 11-14. It’s done in the week interval. In the bilateral screening test, it is calculated by ultrasonographic examination, as well as a laboratory screening test in the blood sample taken from the mother.
The purpose of this test involves calculating the risk of some fetal abnormalities, such as the common Down Syndrome. All scan tests, including a binary scan test, determine only the risk. It’s not a diagnostic test.
Triple Screening Test: Triple screening test, triple test, Trisomy 21 test and triple-scan test, known as triple testing, pregnant women’s pregnancy 16. and the 18th century. It’s a scan he does during his weeks.
Quad Screening Test: This test is the 15th most common pregnancy. and 22. is made between weeks. 16th and 18th. between weeks, it gives the most accurate results. This test determines whether the baby has a condition such as down syndrome, chromosome abnormality or neural tube defect.
Detailed Ultrasound: Detailed ultrasound, 18-23 with the help of more advanced instruments. can be done during weeks. In a detailed ultrasound, the baby’s entire body, such as the brain, face, spine, heart, heart, stomach, intestines, kidneys, hands, arms and legs, is examined anatomically.
At the same time, the location, structure, amount of the baby’s water and fetal growth are evaluated.
Sugar Loading: Sugar loading test with glucose loading in 24 and 28 weeks to determine diabetes in pregnancy has a lot of benefits. The sugar loading test should be performed for expectant mothers between 24 and 28 weeks. During this test, the mother is made to drink 50 g of glucose. After an hour, glucose levels in the blood are checked. If glucose levels are below 140 mg/dl during this detection, there is no pregnancy sugar in the mother’s candidate. However, if this value exceeds, the test must be reapplied with 3 hours of 100 g glucose.
Tightening of Controls: During the first and second trimester period of pregnancy, more doctors are checked at intervals of 3-4 weeks. As of week 30, ultrasound checks are started to be performed more frequently. Preferably 30, 32, 34, 36. continues as weeks.
Because the retardation of development begins in these weeks and becomes apparent. Early detection of developmental reticy also protects the baby from many problems up to the loss of the womb.
Doppler: 32. Doppler examination from the umbilical cord after the week provides information about whether the baby has sufficient oxygen in the womb for health.